FMCG in China is on the road to recovery
The total spending on fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) in China grew by 4.1% in the 12 weeks to 11 September 2020 compared to the same period last year. Stronger growth in lower-tier cities and ecommerce channels remained the key drivers.
Non-food products continued to grow well, with home care products reporting an increase of 7.1% in sales value. Food and beverage categories saw a mixed performance, with packaged food’s growth slowing down in the recent quarter while dairy continued to do well.
Modern trade (including hypermarkets, supermarkets, and convenience stores) continued to decline, falling by 2.9% in the latest 12 weeks compared with last year. In contrast to the weak performance of hypermarkets, small/mini supermarkets continued their growth momentum by attracting more shoppers, recording a sales uplift of 6.3%. Ecommerce continued to soar, with rapid value growth of 41.3% in Q3, an even higher level of acceleration than last year.
In Q3 2020, ecommerce accounted for 25.8% of total FMCG spending in China.
Retailer performance in Q3
In the past 12 weeks, major retailers reported a lukewarm performance. Among the top players, Sun Art maintained its leading position thanks to RT-Mart’s performance, which recorded a market share of 7.3% (+0.1 ppts vs last year). RT-Mart was able to drive shopping frequency by tapping into both an O2O infrastructure and diverse store formats. Earlier this year, Sun Art Group planned to open 30 small-format community stores to meet the proximity needs in China. Despite the huge challenges to big-format stores, the reformed RT-Mart hypermarkets aim to attract younger consumers by providing ready-to-cook food and imported products, along with an efficient delivery service.
Local hero Yonghui maintained a robust growth of 9.4% in Q3, achieving a historic market share high of 5.0%. Since March, Yonghui entered the battlefield of live streaming, which is now playing a more crucial role in conversations with shoppers. Relying on its strong fresh food supply chain, Yonghui focuses more on building a closer connection with consumers and showing them the sources of production.
Online-to-Offline (O2O) continues to grow the market
In Q3 2020, 31% of Chinese urban households purchased through O2O platforms, lower than the level during the peak of the pandemic. However, in the post-COVID era, O2O traffic has been continuously growing, especially in northern cities and provincial capital cities, indicating that Chinese consumers have become more accustomed to it. Categories such as carbonated drinks, packaged water and juice have led the O2O market traffic growth over the summer months.
Among the top players, RT-mart, Wal-Mart and Yonghui contributed the most, while Vanguard and Wu-Mart (with Dmall) grew traffic. Kantar Worldpanel also observed that retailers with a higher contribution from O2O are more likely to have a stronger competitive advantage in their current shopping environment.
Online kept growing penetration but sales growth slower than Q2
In the latest 12 weeks ending 11 September 2020, 72% of Chinese household bought FMCG online. In recent months, lower-tier cities enjoyed the fastest penetration growth caused by the strong performance of Alibaba group and Pinduoduo.
Alibaba continued to grow the most, with a significant penetration uplift of 13.4 ppts versus the same period last year. It worth noting that in recent months, Taobao has been accelerating its progress in attracting new buyers. Since March, Taobao launched a special version to directly compete with value players, like Pinduoduo, while tapping into the strong manufacturing capacity in China. On the other side, Pinduoduo sped up their recruitment of buyers. Its penetration reached 16.5% in Q2, up by 9.6 points vs last year, further narrowing the gap with JD.com.